Prof. Agnihotri has been a career bureaucrat and has served the Government of India and State Government of Odisha in several capacities. Under his initiative, the Government of Odisha had launched a campaign in November 1998 to eliminate severe malnutrition among children. Later he initiated the adoption of the positive deviance approach for tackling child malnutrition. His commitment lies in the area of rapid reduction of child malnutrition, advocacy based on evidence, promote cross-sector collaboration, Renewable Energy and Energy Policy, Gender, Rural development and technology scale-up, Use of Mapping Techniques in social Sector planning and Public Policy. His research on declining sex ratios in India has been approvingly cited by various scholars including Prof. Amartya Sen.
– Child malnutrition
– Renewable Energy and Energy Policy
– Rural development and technology scale up
– Use of Mapping Techniques in Social Sector planning
– Public Policy
– MA-Ph.D on Sex ratio patterns in Indian Population, Rural Development, School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich UK [1991-02, 1994-97]
– M.Tech in Environment Science and Engineering from IIT Bombay 
– M.Sc in Physics, IIT Bombay 
Agnihotri, S.B., 2003. Survival of the girl child: Tunnelling out of the Chakravyuha.
Economic and Political Weekly, pp.4351-4360.
Agnihotri, S.B., 2001. Declining infant and child mortality in India: How do girl children fare?. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.228-233.
Agnihotri, S.B., 1999. Inferring gender bias from mortality data: A discussion note.
Agnihotri, S.B., 1995. Missing females: a disaggregated analysis. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.2074-2084.
Agnihotri, S.B., 1997. Workforce participation, kinship and sex ratio variations in India. Gender, Technology, and Development, 1(1), pp.75-112.
Agnihotri, S.B., 2001. Infant Mortality Variations in Space and Time: Analysis of West Bengal Data. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.3472-3479.
Agnihotri, S.B., 1999. Eliminating Severe Malnutrition in Orissa: Profile of a Campaign. Economic and political weekly, pp.3616-3621.
Agnihotri, S.B., 2002. Changes in sex ratio patterns in Orissa: 1991-2001 is there an epi-center of female deficit?. Demography India, 31(2), pp.179-194.
Agnihotri, S.B., 1997. Sex ratio imbalances in India: a disaggregated analysis (Doctoral dissertation, University of East Anglia).
Agnihotri, S.B., 2001. Rising Sons and Setting Daughters: Provisional Results of the 2001 Census. Enduring Conundrum: India’s Sex Ratio: Essays in Honour of Asok Mitra. Centre for Women’s Development Studies and Rainbow Publishers: New Delhi.
Agnihotri, S.B., 2002. High Female Literacy, Low Child Population: Is There a Threshold Effect?. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.4054-4059.
Siddhanta, S., Agnihotri, S. and Nandy, D., 2016. Sex Ratio patterns among the scheduled castes in India 1981-2001.
Agnihotri, S., 1996. Juvenile sex ratios in India: a disaggregated analysis. Economic and Political Weekly, pp.3369-3382.
Agnihotri, S., Palmer-Jones, R. and Parikh, A., 2002. Missing women in Indian districts: a quantitative analysis. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 13(3), pp.285-314.
Shah, M.P., Kamble, P.A. and Agnihotri, S.B., 2016, December. Tackling child malnutrition: An innovative approach for training health workers using ICT a pilot study. In Humanitarian Technology Conference (R10-HTC), 2016 IEEE Region 10 (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
Agnihotri, S.B., Siddhanta, S. and Nandy, D., 2016. Gujarat: An Emerging ‘Epi–Centre’of Female Deficit.
Agnihotri, S.B., 2016. Achieving the doable or chasing the desirable?. Undernutrition and Public Policy in India: Investing in the Future, p.237.
Agnihotri, S.B., Nandy, D. and Siddhanta, S., 2016. Sex-Ratio Pattern in Maharashtra: Locating ‘Epi-Centres’ of Female Deficit.
Agnihotri, S.B., 2012. Gender and Governance: From concern to Indicators. India International Centre Quarterly, 39(3/4), pp.250-258.
Agnihotri, S.B. and University of East Anglia, Norwich (United Kingdom). School of Development Studies; 1993. An analysis of intrahousehold dynamics and its social dimensions. School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia.