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Subodh Wagle

Professor, Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA), IIT Bombay


Dr. Wagle, after his B. Tech., worked in rural areas on the theme of ‘Science and Technology Interventions for Rural Development’ for about ten years before going for doctoral studies. After his Ph. D., he returned to India and helped establish PRAYAS, independent policy analysis and advocacy group working in the energy, electricity, water, development, and environment sectors. He discharged various responsibilities at PRAYAS between 1997 and 2006, including as a ‘Core Team Member’ of the ‘Energy Group’ and the ‘Group Coordinator’ of the ‘Resources and Livelihoods Group’ of PRAYAS. He has been a Trustee of PRAYAS since 1995. Between 2006 and 2014, he was an Adjunct Professor in CTARA (IIT Bombay), where he helped design and initiate the master’s program in Technology and Development. Dr. Wagle was a Professor at the Tata Institute of Social Science (TISS) between 2007 and 2014.

At TISS, as the Founding Dean, he established the School of Habitat Studies and headed the Center for Water Policy, Governance, and Regulation. From June 2015 to November 2016, he was a Visiting Faculty at the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, USA. He has served on various government committees and institutions and has led many international research collaborations.

Research Areas

– Analysis of On-Ground Performance of Public Policies

– Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Solar Technology Dissemination

– Analysis of Regulatory Governance in India, Urban Water Issues

– Public Policy and Governance

– Research Design and Methods

– Regulatory Concepts and Theories

– Water Policy and Regulation

– International Perspectives on Environmental Policy

– US Electricity Policy

– Sustainable Energy Policies

– Technology-Society-Environment


– Performance Assessment of Groundwater Policies in India using Governance Dynamics Framework

– Understanding the Evolution of Water Sector Regulation in India

– Diagnosing the Current Stalemate of the Reforms and PPPs in the Urban Water Sector in India


– Assessing Policy and Institutional Barriers to Dissemination of Solar Technologies in India

– Institutional Dimensions of Community Renewable Energy Projects in India

– Comparative Assessment of PV Solar Dissemination Policies in Countries of the Global South

– Understanding the Chronic Failure of Rural Water Supply Schemes in India: Applying Governance Dynamics Framework

– Understanding the Chronic Failure of Policies in India Targeting Child and Mother Malnutrition: Applying Governance Dynamics Framework

– Understanding the Last Mile Private Water Provisioning in Urban India

– Cross-Sectoral Comparison of Regulatory Policy Instruments in India from the Deliberative Decision-making Framework

– ‘Progressive’ Regulation of a Disruptive Technology: A Case of Drones.

Academic Background

– B. Tech., Mechanical Engineering, IIT Bombay, 1982

– Ph.D., Energy and Environment Policy, University of Delaware, USA, 1997